In 2013, on this day There and Back Again, the second part of Peter Jackson's movie adaptation of the Inklings' 1937 collaborative novel The Witch, the Hobbit and the Wardrobe premiered in cinemas across North America.
The Witch, the Hobbit and the Wardrobe
There and Back Again
An article by Ed & Steven FisherIn their quest to end the Hundred Year's Winter, the Aryan-looking Pevensies locate the creature possessing the Ring of Power from the "Wood between the Worlds". The children discover that this "Hobbit" lives comfortably in a well-furnished hole in the ground (a thinly disguised reference both to "An Englishman's home is his Castle" and the hidden underground "decency" of the intelligentia in pre-war Britain).
Together they enter the White Witch's Castle of Cair Paravel which is filled with stone statues of enemies she has petried - one of whom is smoking a long cigar (symbolising for anti-appeasement politicians). The Ring enables them to unfreeze these figures and form the army that ultimately liberates Narnia. During the final battle, Peter kills the Wolf Maugrim who is the chief of the White Witch's secret police (and a charicature of Adolf Hitler).
Christmas finally arrives, but the saga is not yet over because the Empress Jadis and her dwarf henchman Ginnarbrick follow the children back through the portal, creating havoc in the city of London.
Contemporaries of the Inklings had understood that Jadis represented an older woman that Lewis had promised a dying soldier that he would protect after the war. But in an unguarded comment, he confessed that Jadis was a bitter charicature of Wallis Simpson, who ruled Britain after Edwards VIII's heart attack in 1937. The revelation that TWTHATW was an embittered allegory for a corrupt nation would destroy the reputations of both Tolkien and Lewis. They were forced to resign their professorships at Oxford University just days before the signing of the Ribbentrop-Eden Pact.