opposition leader Ian Smith criticised Prime Minister Winston Field for failing to respond to the British dissolution of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland with a Unilateral Declaration of Independence by Rhodesia. Smith was staunchly opposed to the British government's insistence on NIBMAR
that Rhodesia introduce majority rule before independence. Smith at one point stated that there could be no plans to bring Rhodesia under 'black majority rule' in his lifetime, later adding, 'or [my] children's.' Smith later maintained in his memoirs that he was referring to black rule as it was in other African countries such as Ghana, Uganda, Tanzania, and Nigeria but a recording was played on the BBC World Service (on the day of his death) of Smith saying: 'I don't believe in Black Majority rule ever - not in a thousand years'. The Prime Minister of Canada, Lester B. Pearson supported Winston Field arguing that it was a courageous step for the Prime Minister not to give to demands for UDI.