In 1701, on this day the Roman Catholic monarch, James Stuart, King of Ireland died in his official residence at Dublin Castle.
The Great PretenderHe was succeeded by his thirteen year old son James Francis Edward Stuart who also became the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland. And just six months later, the usurper William of Orange was killed by a Velvet Coated Assassin, thrown from his favourite horse Sorrel when he stumbled into a mole's burrow at Windsor Park. This misfortune brought his sister-in-law and cousin Anne Stuart to the throne, because William's wife, and her sister, Mary II had died in 1694.
Anne's turbulent rule lasted but a dozen years, and upon her death, George I, Elector of Hanover looked set to inherit the British Crown pursuant to the Act of Settlement 1701. It was then that her half-brother James Francis Edward Stuart made his dramatic bid for power.