In 1938, radio personality Orson Welles produces a radio show to provide cover for the arrival of his unearthly masters. Although millions of Americans see and struggle with the aliens that night, in the light of the morning, it is all proclaimed a simple hoax, with the simple-minded falling under the spell of Welles' dramatic talents. The aliens make contact with their other ally on the planet, a German by the name of Adolf Hitler, and supply him with power until the rebels among their own people find a way to bring him and his alien forces down.
In 2002, safely back in their stolen vessels, Dr. Courtney, Professor Thomas and their Air Force escort find themselves being approached by dozens of ships. They take off in a hurry, and advise the pilots in the other craft to stop for nothing. "We have to get back to earth with this," Dr. Courtney says of the globe they have stolen. The desperate humans begin a prolonged chase through the Pleiades to escape from the aliens.
In 1975, King Juan Carlos begins his formal reign as ruler of Spain. True to his word to former dictator Francisco Franco, he maintains the fascist government, ignoring the entreaties of other governments and exiled Spaniards to transition Spain to a more democratic society.
In 1953, President Eisenhower approves National Security Council Action 162/4, which formally grants the power to [CENSORED][CENSORED][CENSORED], thus ending American democracy.
In 1915, H.G. Wells opens his second Little Warriors role-playing convention, with a special scenario to be run by himself on Halloween night. Over 15,000 attendees flood the hall in London where the convention is being held, and even members of high society can't resist joining in. At this convention, the American company called Parker Brothers announces that they will be producing a role-playing game of their own based on the legends of King Arthur, called Knights & Castles. It sells like hotcakes at the convention.
In 4646, Star Sailor Yang LiWei was born on the moon colony, the first child born there since it was repopulated after contact with the Chdo. Yang was the first human being to see the galactic core, traveling there in the experimental Chdo-Human hybrid vessel, the Black Swan.
In 1902, an encrypted message was broadcast from the old Mlosh colony ship in the Sahara Desert towards the center of the galaxy. Many human radio astronomers were able to intercept the message, but no one was able to break the code on it. By this point, the Sahara was teeming with the alien race, since the colony ship wasn't large enough to hold them all. Human messengers sent to the site were rebuffed politely but firmly, and the Mlosh refused to respond to vidcoms.
In 1485, the Papal Guards, popularly known as Beefeaters, were created by Pope Henry VII. They have guarded Buckingham Cathedral and all the Popes of the Holy British Empire since then.
On this day in 1941, Soviet premier Ivan Konev gave the Red Army the go-ahead to mount an amphibious assault on the Japanese island of Hokkaido. Code-named "Operation Citadel", the assault's objective was to force the Imperial Japanese Army to divert men and resources from its faltering Siberian campaign.
On this day in 2010, US Secretary of Defense David Petraeus held a press conference at the Pentagon to report that US forces were engaging the Venezuelan army near Angel Falls.
On this day in 1944, Allied ground troops in Germany reached Frankfurt.
On this day in 1972, the Dallas Cowboys notched their third win of the 1972 NFL season, beating the Detroit Lions 28-24 at the Cotton Bowl.
In 1981, the secretary of the UK's pro-euthanasia group Exit was cleared of charges for aiding and abetting suicide. Nicholas Reed was found innocent on three counts of aiding and abetting suicide and one of conspiracy to aid and abet. Mark Lyons, 70, Mr Reed's co-accused and the man who helped people commit suicide by providing pills and alcohol was also acquitted. "I have great sympathy for your assisted death of a multiple sclerosis sufferer. However, f you get into trouble in the next two years you are going to cop it," the judge told him.
In 1938, the Mercury Theater was interrupted by breaking news from New Jersey of an invasion from Mars. After the hideous takeover of our government, the news program was passed off as a "hoax" by radio actor Orson Welles; the truth wasn't revealed until decades later, when the Red Planet's influence was finally eradicated from our government.
In 1650, the murderous cult that called itself The Society of Friends first gained its popular name of Quakers when founder George Fox told them that "the unbelievers will quake and tremble at our approach".
In 2004, five days after the fall of Saddam f British Prime Minister Tony Blair declared "Iraq will be better, better for the region, better for the world, better, above all, for the Iraqi people". Three later BBC journalist John Ware reported in the first of five articles explaining just who Blair and Bush had achieved a stable Iraq in such a short space of time. 3) Sir David Manning, recently retired ambassador to Washington, says neither he nor Blair 'had any sense that the Department of Defence was going to ruthlessly take over the running of the country'.
In 2001, President Al Gore threw out the 1st pitch at game 3 of the World Series between the New York Yankees and the Arizona Diamondbacks. Republicans denounced his action roundly; as trivial showboating when America was at war with terrorism; as dangerous to the nation, since he didn't wear a bullet-proof vest while on the mound; and as wimpy, since his pitch didn't strike out the batter. Just as he had during his campaign, President Gore laughed off the Republican complaints; a winning strategy - he seems to be on his way to reelection.
In 1995, the Canadian province of Quebec narrowly approves a referendum on secession from Canada. After intense negotiations, it becomes the sovereign nation of Quebec in 1997, followed by New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland/Labrador. In 1999, British Columbia and Yukon Territories join the United States by treaty, and by the end of the century, Canada is only the center of the former great nation.
In 2002, the GCSE History examination paper included two contemporary questions. Students were asked whether Lawrence's Arab Revolt had ever ended. Also, to compare and constrast the flashpoints for the Third World Wars, Sarajevo, Versailles and Pristina Airport.
In 1958, after convincing the Soviet government to allow him to travel to Sweden for the Nobel Prize Awards so that he could refuse his, Arthur Miller officially requested political asylum from the Swedish government. In his request, he denounced the state of free speech within the Soviet States of America, and likened the influence of America to 'an iron curtain that has descended across all of North America, squelching artistic and political expression in subservience to the state.' Needless to say, Comrade President Joel Rosenberg lost no time denouncing Miller as a reactionary counter-revolutionary, no friend of the common people.
In 1953, US President Douglas MacArthur formally approved the top secret document National Security Council Paper No. 162/2, which states that the United States' arsenal of nuclear weapons must be maintained and expanded to counter the communist threat. Shortly afterwards, former US President Harry S Truman began to organise a national resistance movement, convinced that MacArthur had failed to grasp the once-only opportunity that the Bomb had offered in Japan.
In 1879, on this day German nobleman, General Staff officer and right-wing politician Franz von Papen was born into a wealthy and noble Catholic famil in North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Plot Against Germany 8 Birth of Franz Von PapenElected Chancellor of Germany in 1932, he belonged to the group of close advisers to President Paul von Hindenburg in the late Weimar Republic. And for the final two crazy years of his leadership, he had no choice but to rule the country by Emergency Presidential Decree. Of course this suspension of democratic processes was forced upon him by the actions of one of his predecessors, Gustav Streseman. His intervention in the Lippe-Detmold state election fatally underminined the Nazi Party, preventing the rise of a right-wing coalition Government.
But when von Hindenburg finally passed away in August 1934, his time was up. von Papen was then forced to call fresh elections in which nationalist parties were comprehensively beaten by the Communist Party of Germany. Ernst Thälmann then took office as Chancellor in the city shortly to be known as "Red Star Berlin". Although he declared an end to the State of Emergency, the internal state of the country was becoming rapidly overshadowed by the build-up of Soviet Forces threatening to invade Eastern Germany. Germany was close to gaining a new stability but of course the price was loss of sovereignty to the Kremlin. An article from the asynchronous Chancellor Ernst Thalmänn thread.
In 1268, on this day of triumph the inseparable Conradin and Frederick of Baden (pictured) led a victory march in Rome to celebrate their glorious victory at Tagliacozzo.
All Hail the Heroes of TagliacozzoTheir multi-national Hohenstaufen army of Italian, Spanish, Roman, Arab and German troops had encountered that of Charles at Tagliacozzo, in a hilly area of central Italy.
The boldness of Conradin's Spanish knights under Infante Henry of Castile fired a dramatic first charge that won the Battle. But Conradin had to stamp his authority when the same troops were set to commit the error of obtaining plunder in the enemy's camp after that momentary victorious assault. It was the firmness of this command decision that saved the day and made the victory march possible for the sixteen year old Duke of Swabia and claimant to the throne of Sicily.
In 1897, on this day the left-wing journalist and movie critic German emigré "Clubfoot" Joey Goebbels was born in Rheydt, an industrial town south of Mönchengladbach on the edge of the Ruhr district.
The Führer's Antagonist
by Ed, Scott Palter & Steve KudlakHe wrote a doctoral thesis on nineteenth century romantic drama earning a Ph.D. from Heidelberg University in 1921, he then went on to work as a journalist securing a position at the Berlin Daily. From this platform he emerged as a leading and very vocal critic of the Nazi Regime. Inevitably, he was forced to leave Germany but only when a professional escape route appeared early in the nineteen thirties.
Even though his novels and plays had been rejected in Germany, he managed to attract the interest of a British publisher. A brief sojourn to London was extended, and he happened to fall in with Oswald Mosley's set, even though the relationship would be ruined by the Englishman's drift to Fascism. Building upon these relationships, he became a man of advant guard letters with a day job working for The Sun newspaper. By the eve of World War Two, Goebbels was London's most famous movie critic.
During the War he formed a Free Germany movement broadcasting from the UK a mix of good pop music, movie gossip and sex/corruption gossip on the higher Nazis sources were actors and the like. Allied listeners preferred this form of "Tokyo Rose" sort of pop entertainment because it had better music and better humor than the official stations.
While doing broadway theater and Hollywood jobs for the Sun newspaper he and Glenn Miller had become buddies because Joey was quite the party person and could be charming when it suited him, which was usually with theater or movie people. As a result of their friendship, Miller invited Goebbels to accompany him on his flight to Paris in September 1944. The true nature of the mission would later emerge. Because Miller (who was a fluent German speaker) had been enlisted by Eisenhower to covertly attempt to convince some German officers to end the war early. We can imagine that Goebbels would have enjoyed played a leading role in de-Nazifying German Arts, but unfortunately the rookie pilot allowed their Noorduyn Norseman bush plane to wander into a bomb drop area.
In 2012, on this day Hurricane Sandy made landfall at the mouth of New York Harbor.
Hurricane Sandy makes landfall by Ed & Scott PalterThe tropical cyclone had already devastated portions of the Caribbean and Mid-Atlantic. But the near full submersion of the Statue of Liberty (pictured) was an indication of the terrible disaster that befell the Eastern Seaboard.
And yet the defining television moment finally came when the President and Mayor Bloomberg conducted a helicopter tour of the devastated area. Although not his fault, it was a damning picture that ensured Obama became a political victim of the tragedy in no small part because of his non-emotional response in which he once again appeared "too small" a figure on the national canvas.
In 1929, the wild financial speculation of the Roaring Twenties came to a sudden halt in October when the stock market began to slide.
Banker's Committee Stops Panic of '29 Worries spread through the economic community about the passing of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act. Tariffs had always been a point of contention among Americans, even spurring South Carolina to threaten secession over the Tariff Act of 1828. Producers such as farmers and manufacturers called for protective tariffs while merchants and consumers demanded low prices. The American economy soared while post-war Europe rebuilt in the '20s, and the Tariff Act of 1922 skimmed valuable revenue from the nation's income that would otherwise have been needed as taxes. The country barely noticed, and the economy surged forward as new technological luxuries became available as well as new disposable income.
Meanwhile, however, the nation faced an increasingly difficult drought while food prices continued to drop during Europe's recovery. Farmers were stretched thinner and thinner, prompting calls for protective agricultural tariffs and cheaper manufactured goods. In his 1928 presidential campaign, Herbert Hoover promised just that, and as the legislature met in 1929, talks on a new tariff began. Led by Senator Reed Smoot (R-Utah) and Representative Willis C. Hawley (R-Oregon), the bill quickly became more than Hoover and the farmers had bargained for as rates would increase to a level exceeding 1828 for industrial products as well as agricultural. A new story by Jeff ProvineThe revenue would be a great boon, but it unnerved economists, who wondered if it could kill the economic growth already slowing by a dipping real estate market.
The weakened nerves shifted from economists to investors, who took the heated debate in the Senate as a clue that times may become rough and decided to get out of the stock market while they could. Prices had skyrocketed over the course of the '20s as the middle class blossomed and minor investors came into being. Another hallmark of the '20s, credit, enabled people to buy stock on margin, borrowing money they could invest at what they hoped would be a higher percentage. The idea of a "money-making machine" spread, and August of 1929 showed more than $8.5 billion in loans, more than all of the money in circulation in the United States. The market peaked on September 3 at 381.17 and then began a downward correction. At the rebound in late October, panicked selling began. On October 24, what became known as "Black Thursday", the market fell more than ten percent. On Friday, it did the same, and the initial outlook for the next week was dire.
Amid the early selling in October, financiers noted that a crash was coming and met on October 24 while the market plummeted. The heads of firms and banks such as Chase, Morgan, and the National City Bank of New York collaborated and finally placed vice-president of the New York Stock Exchange Richard Whitney in charge of stopping the disaster. Forty-one-year-old Whitney was a successful financier with an American family dating back to 1630 and numerous connections in the banking world who had purchased a seat on the NYSE Board of Governors only two years after starting his own firm. Whitney's initial strategy was to replicate the cure for the Panic of 1907: purchasing large amounts of valuable stock above market price, starting with the "blue chip" favorite U.S. Steel, the world's first billion-dollar corporation.
On his way to make the purchase, however, Whitney bumped into a junior who was analyzing the banking futures based on the increase of failing mortgages from failing farms and a weakening real estate market. He suggested that the problems of the new market were caused from the bottom-up, and a top-down solution would only put off the inevitable. Instead of his ostentatious show of purchasing to show the public money was still to be had, Whitney decided to use the massive banking resources behind him to support the falling. He made key purchases late on the 24th, and then his staff worked through the night determining what stocks were needlessly inflated, what were solid, and what could be salvaged (perhaps even at a profit). Stocks continued to tumble that Friday, but by Monday thanks to word-of-mouth and glowing press from newspapers and the new radio broadcasts, Tuesday ended with a slight upturn in the market of .02 percent. Numerically unimportant, the recovery of public support was the key success.
With the initial battle won, Whitney spearheaded a plan to salvage the rest of the crisis as real estate continued to fall and banks (which were quickly running out of funds as they seized more and more of the market) would soon have piles of worthless mortgaged homes and farms. Banks organized themselves around the Federal Reserve, founded in 1913 after a series of smaller panics and determined rules that would keep banks afloat. Further money came from lucrative deals with the wealthiest men in the country such as John D. Rockefeller, Henry Ford, and the Mellons of Pittsburgh. Businesses managed to continue work despite down-turning sales through loans, though the unemployment rate did increase from 3 to 5 percent over the winter.
The final matter was the question of international trade. As the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act continued in the Senate, economists predicted retaliatory tariffs from other countries to kill American exports, but Washington turned a deaf ear. Whitney decided to protect his investments in propping up the economy by investing with campaign contributions. Democrats took the majority as the Republicans fell to Whitney's use of the press to blame the woes of the economy on Congressional "airheads". Representative Hawley himself lost his seat in the House, which he had held since 1907, to Democrat William Delzell. President Hoover, a millionaire businessman before entering politics, noted the shift, but remained quiet and dutifully vetoed the new tariff.
By 1931, it became steadily obvious that America had shifted to an oligarchy. The banks propped up the market and were propped up themselves by a handful of millionaires. If Rockefeller wanted, he could single-handedly pull his money and collapse the whole of the American nation. Whitney took greater power as Chairman of the Federal Reserve, whose new role controlled indirectly everything of economic and political worth. As the Thirties dragged on, the havoc of the Dust Bowl made food prices increase while simultaneously weakening the farming class, and Whitney gained further power by ousting Secretary of Agriculture Arthur Hyde and installing his own man as a condition for Hoover's reelection in '32.
Chairman Whitney would "rule" the United States, wielding public relations power and charisma to give Americans a strong sense of national emergency and patriotism during times like the Japanese War in '35 (which secured new markets in East Asia) and the European Expedition in '39. He employed the Red Scare to keep down ideas of insurrection and used the FBI as a secret police, but his ultimate power would be that, at any point, he could tamper with interest rates or stock and property value, and the country would spiral into rampant unemployment and depression, dragging the rest of the world with it.
In 1935, on this day the Senate Special Committee to Investigate Crime in Interstate Commerce, popularly known as the "Hoover Committee" or the "Hoover hearings" recommended that the US Government grant a one-off tax amnesty to regularise revenue collection from organized crime.
Out of the ShadowsFollowing the passage of the "Volstead" Act, the sale, manufacture, and transportation of alcohol was banned for thirteen years. Even though Prohibition was successful in reducing the amount of liquor consumed it had the adverse consequence of stimulating the proliferation of rampant underground, organized and widespread criminal activity. Because the Federal Government did little to enforce prohibition and by 1925, in New York City alone, there were anywhere from 30,000 to 100,000 speakeasy clubs serving alcohol.
A new story by Steve PayneNew and terrifying levels of violence entered American cities. Something had to be done. And then on February 14, 1929 a South Side Italian gang led by Al Capone - dressed as police officers - executed seven members of the North Side Irish gang led by Bugs Moran. It was a watershed.
To mitigate such wild excesses, a transnational grouping of highly centralized enterprises was formed under which Organized crime created its own chamber of commerce. An early indication of the opportunity for self-regulation was the ordering of Bugsy's Siegels' execution by his boyhood friend Meyer Lansky who had him murdered to eliminate a conflict in the criminal underworld.
In addition to the Justice Systems desire for structure, the on-set of the Depression meant that the US Government was desperate to generate further income. A petition to Congress for a deal on a tax amnesty was welcomed. And the result was a one time tax payment, whereby organized criminals could get a pardon and come out of the shadows.
In 1864, on this day the first (and last) CSA President Jefferson Davis (pictured) resigned his post immediately after a meeting of Southern State's representatives approved the dissolution of the Confederacy.
A More Perfect UnionThe attempt to build a "more perfect union" had begun shortly after the founding of the States back in 1798, when the father of Federalism himself, Thomas Jefferson co-authored a resolution for the legislatures of Virginia and Kentucky that affirmed the states' right to resist federal encroachments on their powers. The intention was that through the principle of "nullification" that would later be codified into the Tenth Amendment, the States could locally override unconstitutional federal laws.
But as is so often the case, good intention was over-taken by political expediency. Ten years later, the General Government was struggling with more practical problems such as the quasi-war on the high seas with the British in league with America's former allies, the French. Now in the White House, expediency required Jefferson to compromise his own principles. He imposed an embargo under which no American ship could depart for any foreign port anywhere in the world, hoping that this economic warfare would hurt British and French prosperity, forcing their governments to change tack. But the decision would have dire consequences for the trading economies on the eastern seaboard who were prevented from asserting nullification due to the "national interest".
In seceding from the Union in 1860, the Southern States sought to build the Confederacy that had been envisaged sixty years before. And with the British and French supporting the new state, the prospects of success had initially seemed good. Trouble was the secession happened very quickly, and the US Constitution - and many of the federal governments instruments and controls - were adopted at short notice through lack of any other choice in order to prepare for impending war with the Union. Almost immediately, the Capital at Richmond started to centralise powers and act in a high-handed manner indistinguisable from Washington. And now that the peace treaty had been signed at the Hampton Roads Conference, the southern states looked to a new model, the Republic of Texas which stood undefeated yet still enjoying the freedom and liberty promised by the Founding Fathers.
In 1928, on this day the United States stock market crashed, ushering in the worldwide economic collapse known as the Great Depression.
Cometh the hour, cometh the manThere had been a scare on October 24th, but the events of the 29th were catastrophic. Yet only twelve days before, America's foremost economist, Yale Professor Irving Fisher had commented that "Stocks have reached what looks like a permanently high plateau".
During March 1929, the new president Al Smith took the drastic step of closing all the banks temporarily. Stocks had by then lost 80% of their value since " Red Friday"1, the day when capitalism ended in the United States, and the American Dream of Socialism began.
Historians speculate that without Red Friday, Smith would have been easily beaten by Herbert Hoover who had served as Commerce Secretary throughout the Coolidge Administration. Yet the "October Surprise" could only have one benefactor. Because in his political career, Smith traded on his working-class beginnings, identified himself with immigrants, and campaigned as a man of the people.
In 2009, the Catholic Church was astonished by news that Pope Benedict had written a foreword to a controversial biography of Mother Theresa of Calcutta.
Mother Teresa was a 36-year-old convent teacher riding on a train in India on Sept. 10, 1946, when she said Christ spoke to her directly, telling her to become a missionary in the slums to help the poorest of the poor.
"Come be My light, " is what she heard. Back then, she felt a deeply personal bond with Jesus, recounting conversations and visions. It was that loss that she mourned the rest of her life, although she never abandoned her work. Click to watch Mother Theresa speaking in Calcutta.
Come Be My Light
The ethnic Albanian nun, who dedicated her life to poor, sick and dying in India, died in 1997 aged 87. Mother Teresa was a globally beloved symbol of saintly devotion to the poor, who spent her last fifty years secretly struggling with doubts about her faith.
A research team led by Rev. Brian Kolodiechuk of the Missionaries of Charity Order had been examing secret letters for publication in a new biography, Mother Theresa: Come Be My Light. It appears that an unknown researcher had released the letters to the press after being shocked to read "How painful is thus unknown pain - I have no Faith. If there be God- please forgive me. When I try to raise my thoughts to Heaven, there is such convicting emptiness that those thoughts return like sharp knives and hurt my very soul".
In the biography's foreword, Pope Benedict wrote that even the late Mother Teresa of Calcutta "suffered from the silence of God' despite her immense charity and faith. It is significant that the Pope mentioned Mother Teresa's torment about God's silence as not being unusual because there was some speculation that the letters could hurt the procedure to make her a saint. "All believers know about the silence of God," wrote the Pope. "Even Mother Teresa, with all her charity and force of faith, suffered from the silence of God," the Holy Pontif stated.
He said believers sometimes had to withstand the silence of God in order to understand the situation of people who do not believe. When the German-born pontiff visited the former Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz in 2006, he publicly asked why God was silent when 1.5 million victims, mostly Jews, died there.
In 1863, Swiss "philanthropist" Henri Dunant founds the International Order of the Red Cross, which, in its public face, was dedicated to aiding the wounded and ill from war and disaster around the globe. Its hidden agenda, of course, was to advance the cause of the Swiss Illuminati, and bring even more power to its secret leaders.
In 1972, the Montignac police officers, as well as Professor Karl Ainsworth and Dr. Yvette Montclair, attend Sunday Mass at the church in the village. To their surprise, Father Vincent Laval is there, conducting the service. Ainsworth and Montclair restrain the officers from arresting the mad priest, and they listen to his sermon attentively. Halfway through, his niece, Sondra Laval, appears in the doorway of the church with a large cave bear - and that bear has several cubs following in tow. Before the townsfolk can react to the unusual sight, Father Laval speaks a few sentences in Sanskrit, and the villagers calm down. Looking around them, the police and the academics get the feeling that the people of Montignac are in a receptive trance. "My children," Father Laval says in French, "our god is now calling us. His mate has grown full with the souls of our sacrifices, but she still needs to feast before she goes back to the long sleep. There are those among us who would deny her," he says, pointing in the direction of Montclair, Ainsworth, and Officers Hortefeux and Orleans, "and they must be dealt with. Seize them". Before the 4 outsiders can resist, the villagers surround and restrain them. "Don't worry," Father Laval says to them, "You shall be a special feast for the Great Bear Himself, not for His mate, nor even His cubs. You shall be sacrificed on the Day of Sleep, to sustain Him while He rests again, and the outside world forgets us". The villagers drag the protesting outsiders to the police station and lock them up in a cell, after disarming them and taking away their keys. "Don't worry," Professor Ainsworth tells the two policemen, "this is all part of the plan".
In 2002, in the alien repository of knowledge, the group led by Dr. Courtney and Professor Thomas stumble on a globe that looks suspiciously like earth. After a moment's scanning, Dr. Courtney says, "This is what we came for. Pick it up and let's get out of here". The Air Force pilots with him struggle to carry it and they hurriedly leave the building, delusions chasing them as they go.
In 1929, White Tuesday, the single best day in the American stock market, doubles the value of the Dow Jones, making millionaires overnight. Although the stock prices were considered illusory by many economists, as long as Americans believed in them, the Dow Jones remained buoyant.
In 1901, a nurse in Amherst, Massachusetts becomes the focus of a crime investigation when a family she has been staying with all die. When they police find her, the nurse has sewed her own eyes shut, crying that the horrors of that house should not be witnessed by human eyes!
In 1890, Colonel Beauregard T. Jackson is shocked when a small family of collaborators is killed outside of Salt Lake City. He sentences rebel Mormon Charles Brigman to death for the crimes he has instigated, and sets the punishment for sunrise the following day. Brigman, shocked at facing death, begins to plead for his life, but Colonel Jackson is unmovable.
In 1794, decrying "the baneful effects of the spirit of party politics," President George Washington of the United States convinces the nation to pass a constitutional amendment banning political parties. "They only serve to distract the public councils and enfeeble the public administration," he says, and the young nation agrees. From this point on, political leaders are judged by their actions rather than their affiliations.
In 1969, during the trial of the Chicago Eight, Comrade Judge William Kunstler orders defendant Oliver North bound and gagged to prevent his constant disruptions of the court proceedings. North and his fellow reactionaries had attempted to disrupt the Socialist National Party Convention in Chicago.
On this day in 1962, the Soviet assault on Miami Beach was dealt a catastrophic setback as US Army regular troops and Florida National Guard units wiped out the main body of the Soviet airborne landing force.
In 1956, the New Reich begins an all-out invasion of Africa after subduing Egypt, Sudan and South Africa. The weapons they wield prove too powerful for any nation on the continent to resist, and the Africans find themselves in much the same position as the Greater Zionist Resistance before them; having to wage a guerilla campaign in order to survive.
In 1902, Mlosh across the solar system began heading to earth's Sahara desert by whatever transport they could arrange. None of them discussed the reason for the voyage with humans at all; indeed, they had become remarkably close-mouthed about everything lately. But, none would allow themselves to be stopped from getting to the Sahara.
In 1929, the stock market in New York utterly collapses, as millions of shares are sold off in a panic that became known as "Black Tuesday". After profits from stocks disappeared, so did most of the nation's banks, and the United States erupted into anarchy. By the beginning of the next year, 14 states had seceded, and President Hoover had declared martial law and the suspension of civil liberties everywhere the U.S. military could control.
In 1863, Swiss "philanthropist" Henri Dunant founds the International Order of the Red Cross, which, in its public face, was dedicated to aiding the wounded and ill from war and disaster around the globe. Its hidden agenda, of course, was to advance the cause of the Swiss Illuminati, and bring even more power to its secret leaders.
In 1956, with diplomacy failing to reverse Nasser's decision to nationalise the Suez Canal, Britain and France embarked on preparations to regain control of the Canal, and together with Israel, launched a military operation in the Peninsula. US President Douglas MacArthur was fully supportive, it was about time some one else started to get "Brass Hat" and rescue the Third World from Communism.
In 1998, Senator John Glenn's triumphant return to space ended on a sour note as, during a routine EVA, he was snatched from the space shuttle Discovery by what appeared to be a flying saucer. Unable to deny now that such things existed, President Clinton revealed to the nation that aliens had been performing experiments on human beings for decades, and the United States was working on a method of defense; due to the highly sensitive security nature of the matter, he was not at liberty to say any more. Senator Glenn, however, was returned the next week.
In 1957, Buddy Holly's 1st #1 hit, Oh Boy was released by Brunswick Records. It marked the beginning of a string unequaled by any other artist - Holly managed a #1 in each of 5 decades across his career from the 50's to the 90's. Only ill health kept him from continuing the string into the 21st century.
In 1618, Sir Walter Raleigh narrowly escaped to France after being sentenced to death by the British Crown. He had violated an order to avoid molesting Spanish possessions on a gold-hunting trip to Orinoco, and on his return to Britain, was seized and given to the hangman. Raleigh had a few friends that arranged for him to slip out of prison and float across the Channel, where he spent the rest of his days as an exile in the French court.
In 1962, on this day Nikita Khrushchev ordered the removal of Soviet missiles from Cuba thereby beginning the second phase of the crisis.
An alternative ending to the blog World War Three Starts in Cuba by Joe Mwangi.
World War Three Starts in Cuba, ReduxBecause the consolation prize was an offer to give Fidel Castro more than one hundred tactical nuclear weapons that had been shipped to Cuba along with the long-range missiles, but which crucially had passed completely under the radar of US intelligence.
To exercise control over this delicately poised situation, the Soviets absolutely needed a masterful diplomat who could deliver some carefully worded messages to the furious Cuban Leader. And so Kremlin number two Anastas Mikoyan, was charged with making the trip to Havana, but tragically his sick wife died hours  before his planned departure. Instead, a less competent substitute was sent, and the situation quickly descended into a terrible, terrible mess.
In 1962, on this day global extinction by nuclear armaggedon was averted by a matter of minutes in the deadly Cuban missile Crisis.
World War Three Starts in CubaThe USSR had made it blunt that if the USA doesn't pledge to never invade Cuba and also remove its Jupiter nuclear missiles in Turkey that posed a threat to Russia,the USSR would not remove its Cuban missiles and would fight a nuclear war to protect her interests. The USA had made it clear that if they did not receive communication from the USSR of her intent to withdraw the nuclear weapons on that Sunday morning,the US would run air-bombing missions to destroy the missiles and follow up with an invasion of Cuba.
If this has happened,the Soviet Union would had definitely launched its Cuban nuclear missiles at the USA,destroyed any American invasion force with its smaller tactical nuclear weapons and Soviet TU-95 and IL-28 nuclear bombers,land based ICBMs and submarine launched ballistic missiles would have nuked American and Western European cities. In response,the United States would have nuked Cuba,its B-52 bombers,ICBMs and Polaris nuclear subs would have hit the USSR and the whole Communist world.The out of control nuclear exchange would have definitely brought the extinction of the earth with no winner as all would be lost.
The Americans agreed to the Soviet terms on the evening of October 27th and on Sunday October 28th Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev desperately sent an aide to Radio Moscow to broadcast a message to the United States and the world that the Soviet Union was dismantling its 3 megaton SS-4 and SS-5 nuclear missiles from Cuba and shipping them back to the Soviet Union. The Cuban Missile crisis remains the most dangerous standoff in human history as the perilous poker and chess game of nuclear brinkmanship between Soviet Premier Khrushchev and American President John F. Kennedy would have been catastrophic for earth if not peacefully resolved.The 13 day standoff from October 16th to 28th, held the whole world in the balance.Kudos for Kennedy and Khrushchev (K and K) for untying what Khrushchev termed as the "knot of war". It was a highly tense time with nerves stretched to breaking point whereby a mistake on either side e.g a Soviet submarine captain in the Cuba naval blockade launching a nuclear tipped torpedo to destroy American naval vessels blocking Soviet access to Cuba or an American destroyer shooting at a Soviet vessel for resisting the blockade would have meant World War 3.This is true history.Now on alternate history.
The Soviet message doesn't reach the USA on time. American bombers are on their way to destroy the Cuban missiles. The Soviets detect the approaching planes and shoot them down but they bombers get a few of the missiles.An American invasion of Cuba is underway. The local Soviet commanders launch their battlefield nukes to destroy the invasion force.The undamaged Cuban missiles are launched at American cities and TU-95 and IL-28 bombers,SLBMs and ICBMs follow up their asssault on the USA and Western Europe. Simultaneously,the USA launches nukes to destroy Cuba and their ICBMs,Polaris subs and B-52 bombers launch a devastating nuclear assault on the USSR,China and Eastern Europe.
Now its all out war.The US and USSR launch all they have on one another incinerating the whole Northern hemisphere and spreading toxic radiation to the Southern hemisphere.The death toll is appalling as billions are instantly wiped out in the first few minutes of the exchange.Nuclear winter sets in as the mushroom clouds and the earth they have lifted up block the suns rays.The Southern hemisphere dies out to to radio-active fallout and the freezing temperatures due to nuclear winter. Humanity goes the way of the dinosaurs caused by man's own greed.A frightening scenario that we are lucky it never happened.
By 312, the Roman Empire had reached a turning point after centuries of military dictatorship powered by the wheels of bureaucracy.
Maxtenius Victorious at Milvian Bridge Since the domination of Octavian over Julius Caesar's assassins, the Senate had been largely a stamp for the emperor to pass his decrees. Many men pursued this utmost position, and civil wars erupted often when capable generals overtook weak emperors. The empire itself became unwieldy, and Diocletian divided Rome into western and eastern parts with co-rulers in each. By the early fourth century, further divisions and murky agreements had created a Tetrarchy where four men controlled the empire as Caesars and Augusti.
In 306, Augustus Constantius Chlorus died, and his son Constantine was proclaimed by his soldiers on the frontier of Britannia that he would be the new emperor. Currently controlling Rome, however, was Maxentius, who had taken the title of Augustus by force after defeating Severus, the legal appointee by the eastern Augustus, Galerius. Licinius, another would-be emperor, had been proclaimed emperor by a conference of the leading political figures of Rome. By 312, Constantine was already moving on Rome to defeat the usurper Maxentius and making plans for alliance with Licinius. A new story by Jeff Provine
Constantine organized the execution of Maxentius's father, Maximinian, and marched with an army of some 40,000, racing over northern Italy and defeating armies more than twice his size, even killing Maxentius's highest general, Ruricius Pompeianus, at Verona. Maxentius had already held Rome successfully through two sieges, but he decided to deal with the upstart from the north himself, setting up an army on the far side of the Milvian Bridge over the Tiber River. On the evening of the 27th, Constantine's forces prepared for battle the next day, and a vision came upon them. Looking into the setting sun, they saw a cross made of light and words in Greek reading, "In this sign, conquer". A dream that night explained that the sign was from a sect of worshippers of the Hebrew god, practically the only one without a temple in Rome where Maxentius had already made substantial sacrifices toward victory in the battle.
As the morning dawned, Constantine prepared his men to mark the sign on their shields, but he was unnerved by the use of Greek letters chi and rho spelling the first sounds of "Christ" when the chi could have easily been his own "Constantine". Hubris came over him, and he edited the sign for his soldiers from the "P" into an "O" for the omicron that would spell his own second letter. The move would prove disastrous, as the rounded shape formed a handy target at the top of the Roman shields where they would be knocked into the faces of their bearers, distracting them while missiles or blows from swords followed. Despite losing the opening cavalry skirmish, Maxentius's army won the day and pressed Constantine's army into breaking. Constantine himself was killed while trying to rally his retreating soldiers.
Maxentius returned victoriously to Rome. Constantine's onetime ally, Licinius, had overseen affairs in the east along with Maximinius Daia but now sought to support Maxentius. Encouraged by Maxentius's victory, Maximinius attempted to overthrow Licinius with an invasion of Byzantium, but Licinius defeated him at Tzirallum and pursued him to utter defeat and suicide at Tarsus. The remainder of Licinius' reign was spent holding off Sassanid attack, while Maxentius went about legitimizing himself and working to stitch the eastern empire back to dependency on Rome as he lent Licinius great masses of wealth to aid in defense.
A century later, the Roman Empire would fall as German barbarians stormed across the Alps and repeatedly sacked and finally conquered the Eternal City in 476. Without a particular seat of strength in the east, the rest of the empire shattered into bases of power in Egypt, the Bosporus, and Syria. The end of Roman authority finally meant an end to centuries-long persecution of the Christian sects, whose monotheism was grown out of Jewish doctrine. With a plethora of Egyptian, Babylonian, Greek, Roman, and now German gods in veneration, monotheism would serve as a minority in Europe. Norse gods would come to dominate during the Viking Age, but the cohesion of Allah in the Arabic Islam would eventually sweep across Europe, Africa, and well into Asia, carried even further by converted Mongol conquerors a millennium later.
© Today in Alternate History, 2013-. All characters appearing in this work are fictitious. Any resemblance to real persons, living or dead, is purely coincidental.